Isthmus joining North and South America
  • Belize - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1981 by the Monarchy of Belize
  • Costa Rica - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1949 by the República de Costa Rica
  • El Salvador - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1983 by the República de El Salvador
  • Guatemala - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1985 by the República de Guatemala
  • Honduras - Territory in northern Central America, ruled since 1982 by the República de Honduras
  • Nicaragua - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1987 by the República de Nicaragua
  • Panama - Territory in south Central America, ruled since 1903 by the República de Panama