Large peninsula in southwest Asia, between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf
  • Bahrain - Island in the Persian Gulf, ruled since 1971 by the Al Khalifa family
  • Kuwait - Territory in the northeast Arabian Peninsula, ruled since 1961 by the Dawlat al-Kuwait
  • Oman - Territory in the Arabian Peninsula, ruled since 1970 by the Salṭanat ʻUmān
  • Qatar - Territory in eastern Arabia, ruled since 1971 by the Al Thani family
  • Saudi Arabia - Territory in southwestern Asia, ruled since 1932 by the Āl Sa‘ūd family
  • United Arab Emirates - Territory in the eastern Arabian Peninsula, ruled since 1971 by the Dawlat al-Imārāt al-‘Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah
  • Yemen - Territory in the southern Arabian Peninsula, ruled since 1990 by the al-Jumhūrīyah al-Yamanīyah