Territory in northwest Europe, ruled since 1830 by the Koninkrijk België/Royaume de Belgique

Reference

Belgium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Belgium (officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO. Belgium covers an area of 30,528 square kilometres, and it has a population of about 11 million people. Straddling the cultural boundary between Germanic and Latin Europe, Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups, the Dutch-speakers, mostly Flemish (about 60%), and the French-speakers, mostly Walloons (about 40%), plus a small group of German-speakers. Belgium's two largest regions are the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders in the north and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia. The Brussels-Capital Region, officially bilingual, is a mostly French-speaking enclave within the Flemish Region. A German-speaking Community exists in eastern Wallonia. Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in the political history and a complex system of government. ..."

Birthplace of

Gustave de Molinari, in Liège, on 3 Mar 1819

Deathplace of

Gustave de Molinari, in Adinkerque, on 28 Jan 1912

Measures of Freedom

Belgium | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 96, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
"The political environment in 2015 was dominated by concerns about terrorist activity in Belgium. Officials estimated that close to 500 individuals had traveled from Belgium to join extremist groups in Syria—the highest per capita rate in the European Union (EU). In January, days after terrorists attacked the offices of the Charlie Hebdo magazine in Paris, Belgian security forces carried out nationwide raids against suspected Islamist militants. "
Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 8.38, Rank: 17, Personal Freedom: 9.25, Economic Freedom: 7.51, Democracy Index: 7.56
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.51, Rank: 32

Articles

The Railroads Of France, by Murray N. Rothbard, The Freeman, Sep 1955
Recounts the history of gradual nationalization of French railroads from 1876 to 1938, as well as a comparison between the Belgian state-owned railway and the then privately-owned French Northern Railway
"The roads were of similar size and faced comparable conditions, and in 1911 both railways charged practically the same rates. The privately-operated French Northern paid taxes of 28 million francs and rent of 41 million, with 31 million francs remaining as profit. Yet, the Belgian state railway, which paid neither rent nor taxes, operated at a loss."
Related Topics: Transportation, France