Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of west Africa, ruled since 1975 by the República de Cabo Verde

Reference

Cape Verde - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Cape Verde (Portuguese: Cabo Verde, officially the Republic of Cape Verde, is an island country, spanning an archipelago of 10 islands located in the central Atlantic Ocean, 570 kilometres off the coast of Western Africa. The islands, covering a combined area of slightly over 4,000 square kilometres, are of volcanic origin and while three of them (Sal, Boa Vista and Maio) are fairly flat, sandy and dry, the remaining ones are generally rockier and have more vegetation. However, because of the infrequent occurrence of rainfall the overall landscape is not particularly green, despite what the country's name suggests (verde is Portuguese for 'green'). The name of the country stems instead from the nearby Cap Vert, on the Senegalese coast, which in its turn was originally named 'Cabo Verde' when it was sighted by Portuguese explorers in 1444, a few years before the islands were discovered. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Cape Verde | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 90, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
"In 2015, Cape Verde saw growing tensions between political parties in anticipation of 2016 general elections. Nevertheless, the main political forces came together in early 2015 to select new members of several official bodies, including a newly established Constitutional Court, and the National Election Commission (CNE). In May, the National Assembly approved a bill introducing a local referendum system ..."
Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 6.73, Rank: 92, Personal Freedom: 6.57, Economic Freedom: 6.89, Democracy Index: 7.49
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 6.89, Rank: 87