Territory in northwestern Europe, ruled since 1944 by the Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg

Reference

Luxembourg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg, Dutch: Groothertogdom Luxemburg), is a landlocked country in western Europe, bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany. It has two principal regions: the Oesling in the North as part of the Ardennes massif, and the Gutland ('good country') in the south. Luxembourg has a population of over half a million people in an area of approximately 2,586 square kilometres. A representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is ruled by a grand duke. It is now the world's only remaining sovereign grand duchy. The country has a highly developed economy, with the world's highest GDP (nominal) per capita according to the IMF. Its historic and strategic importance dates back to its founding as a Roman era fortress site and Frankish count's castle site in the Early Middle Ages. It was an important bastion along the Spanish Road when Spain was the principal European power influencing the whole western hemisphere and beyond in the 16th-17th centuries. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index, The Human Freedom Index 2016: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom
2014: 8.53, Rank: 11, Personal Freedom: 9.41, Economic Freedom: 7.65, Democracy Index: 8.68
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World: 2016 Annual Report
2014: 7.65, Rank: 23
Luxembourg | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016: Anxious Dictators, Wavering Democracies: Global Freedom under Pressure
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 98, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
"The European Commission (EC) continued to investigate allegations that Luxembourg had given multinational corporations favorable tax arrangements that violated European Union (EU) regulations. EC president Jean-Claude Juncker, who was the country's prime minister from 1995 to 2013, faced scrutiny in the investigations, with critics raising questions about his awareness of the arrangements."