Territory in western Africa, ruled since 1960 by the République du Mali

Reference

Mali - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (French: République du Mali), is a landlocked country in Western Africa. Mali borders Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and the Côte d'Ivoire on the south, Guinea on the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west. Its size is just over 1,240,000 km² with a population of 14.5 million. Its capital is Bamako. Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara, while the country's southern part, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Sénégal rivers. The country's economic structure centers around agriculture and fishing. Some of Mali's natural resources are gold, uranium, livestock, and salt. About half the population live below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index, The Human Freedom Index 2016: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom
2014: 6.21, Rank: 124, Personal Freedom: 6.45, Economic Freedom: 5.97, Democracy Index: 5.61
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World: 2016 Annual Report
2014: 5.97, Rank: 137
Mali | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016: Anxious Dictators, Wavering Democracies: Global Freedom under Pressure
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 45, Political Rights: 5, Civil Liberties: 4
"In January 2015, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta named Modibo Keïta as the country's new prime minister to replace Moussa Mara, who resigned along with his cabinet. The change was attributed to the apparent unwillingness and inability of the Mara government to combat corruption, and to the slow progress of peace talks to end the Tuareg-led rebellion in the north. The appointment of a new cabinet held the promise of resolving the conflict, as the new prime minister had been a top government negotiator in the peace talks during 2014."