Mauritius (French: Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (French: République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the island of Mauritius, Rodrigues (560 kilometres east) and the outer islands (Agaléga, St. Brandon and two disputed territories). The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues (172 km southwest) form part of the Mascarene Islands, along with nearby Réunion, a French overseas department. The area of the country is 2,040 km². The capital and largest city is Port Louis. Mauritius was a British colonial possession from 1810 to 1968, the year of its independence. The government uses English as the main language.
Measures of Freedom
2014: 8.02, Rank: 34, Personal Freedom: 8.06, Economic Freedom: 7.98, Democracy Index: 7.78
2014: 7.98, Rank: 5
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 90, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 2
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