Island off the southeast coast of China, ruled since 1949 by the Zhōnghuá Mínguó

Reference

Taiwan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Taiwan (Chinese: 臺灣 or 台灣; pinyin: Táiwān), officially the Republic of China (ROC) (Chinese: 中華民國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó), is a state in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China now governs the island of Taiwan (known in the past as Formosa), which forms over 99% of its current territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands. Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taipei is the capital city and economic and cultural centre of the country, and New Taipei is the largest city by population. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 8.18, Rank: 26, Personal Freedom: 8.71, Economic Freedom: 7.65, Democracy Index: 5.05
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.65, Rank: 23
Taiwan | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 89, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 2
"President Ma Ying-jeou and the ruling nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) party continued to pursue closer ties with China in 2015. However, a controversial 2013 trade agreement that would open up their respective service sectors remained stalled in the legislature at year's end. When the Ma administration sought to expedite passage of the accord in 2014, student-led protests that became known as the Sunflower Movement successfully blocked the effort."

Articles

The First Atrocity, Freedom House's Crimes against the Truth, by Bevin Chu, 23 Dec 2003
"Republic of China citizens on Taiwan have endured six years of Chen Shui-bian regime misrule, right on the heels of 12 years of Lee Teng-hui regime misrule. They have made their own evaluation of Taiwan's 18-year-long Green Terror abundantly clear ... by the way over one million of them have ... moved to mainland China ..."
Related Topic: Freedom House