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Territory in southern Africa, ruled since 1990 by the Republic of Namibia

Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (Afrikaans: Republiek van Namibië, German: Republik Namibia), is a country in southern Africa. Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east. Although it does not border Zimbabwe, less than 200 meters of the Zambezi River (essentially a small bulge in Botswana to achieve a Botswana/Zambia micro-border) separates the two countries. Namibia gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence. Its capital and largest city is Windhoek, and it is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU) and the Commonwealth of Nations.

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 22° S — Longitude: 17° E

Area: 825,615 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: NA

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
2019: 7.56, Rank: 66, Personal Freedom: 8.12, Economic Freedom: 6.76
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 6.80, Rank: 94
Namibia | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 77, Political Rights: 2, Civil Liberties: 2
The ruling South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) posted a dominant performance in the November 2015 regional and municipal elections. Regional legislatures subsequently appointed representatives to Namibia’s upper house of parliament, the National Council, leaving SWAPO with 40 of 42 seats in that body. Despite the government's stated commitment to gender equality in national politics, only 10 of the National Council seats went to women.

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Namibia" as of 19 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.