Territory in west central Africa, ruled since 1960 by the République du Niger


Niger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Niger, officially the Republic of Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa, named after the Niger River. It borders Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, Algeria and Libya to the north and Chad to the east. Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km², making it the largest nation in West Africa, with over 80 percent of its land area covered by the Sahara desert. The country's predominantly Islamic population of just above 15,000,000 is mostly clustered in the far south and west of the nation. The capital city is Niamey, located in the far southwest corner of Niger. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 6.04, Rank: 132, Personal Freedom: 6.04, Economic Freedom: 6.05, Democracy Index: 3.85
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 6.05, Rank: 129
Niger | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 52, Political Rights: 3, Civil Liberties: 4
"In December 2015, President Mahamadou Issoufou announced that his government had foiled a coup attempt that was organized by high-ranking military officers, including a former army chief of staff; the commander of an air force base in the capital, Niamey; and several counterterrorism chiefs. The announcement came in the context of high political tension due to alleged government attempts to disrupt the organization of the opposition ahead of elections set for 2016 ..."