Territory in northeast Africa, ruled since 1956 by the Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān


Sudan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Sudan (Arabic: السودان‎, as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan (Arabic: جمهورية السودان‎, Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān), sometimes called North Sudan (within Sudan the term North Sudan denote Northern Region/State), is a country in eastern North Africa (sometimes also considered to be part of the Middle East). It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest. The population of Sudan is a combination of indigenous inhabitants of Nile Valley, and descendants of migrants from the Arabian Peninsula. Due to the process of Arabisation common throughout the rest of the Arab World, today Arab culture predominates in Sudan. The majority of the population of Sudan adheres to Islam. The Nile divides the country between east and west sides. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Sudan | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Not Free, Aggregate Score: 6, Political Rights: 7, Civil Liberties: 7
"In national elections held in April 2015, President Omar al-Bashir and the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) retained their hold on the executive and legislature. Al-Bashir faced few credible opponents, and opposition parties accused the NCP of sabotaging the electoral process. Opposition leaders had called for the elections to be postponed, arguing that a credible vote would be impossible without improvements to the country's National Dialogue, an easing of political repression, and meaningful action toward ending Sudan's multiple armed conflicts."