Fourth Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court

Reference

John Marshall - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"John Marshall (September 24, 1755 - July 6, 1835) was an American statesman and jurist who greatly influenced American constitutional law. Marshall was the fourth Chief Justice of the United States, serving from February 4, 1801 until his death. He had previously served in a variety of political offices; most notably, he was a member of the United States House of Representatives from March 4, 1799 to June 7, 1800, and Secretary of State from June 6, 1800 to March 4, 1801. Marshall was a native of the state of Virginia and a member of the Federalist Party. ..."

Born

24 Sep 1755, in Germantown, Virginia

Died

6 Jul 1835, in Philadelphia

Biography

John Marshall
Library of Virginia, from John Marshal exhibit 8 Jan-31 Mar 2001
John Marshall (1755 - 1835), by Richard Dixon, 1 Nov 2004
"From Revolution to Reconstruction", Department of Humanities Computing, University of Groningen, The Netherlands

Web Sites

Chief Justice John Marshall's Legacy
Landmark Supreme Court Cases, includes coverage of Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, and Gibbons v. Ogden
The John Marshall House
APVA Preservation Virginia

Articles

Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States, by Murray N. Rothbard, The Journal of Libertarian Studies, 1995
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
"Moreover, in one of his midnight appointments, President Adams appointed John Marshall of Virginia as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, a Federalist Chief Justice who would plague libertarian Republicans with his decisions for over three decades."
Getting Inside the Cult, by Ryan McMaken, 11 Dec 2000
"This is due largely to Chief Justice John Marshall's assertion in 1803 that the Supreme Court has the right of judicial review in federal law. No such thing was written into the Constitution, but Marshall managed to turn it into a massive power grab for the judicial system. Marshall wanted to turn the court into a body of sages aloof from common politics."
States' Rights vs. Monetary Monopoly, by Thomas J. DiLorenzo, 9 May 2003
"... John Marshall, chief justice of the Supreme Court ... , [in] coining the famous phrase that 'the power to tax involves the power to destroy' ... wasn't expressing a fear that taxation could destroy private initiative and private enterprise, but that it could limit the federal government's monetary monopoly."
What This Country Needs Is A Good, Old-Fashioned Constitutional Crisis, by Gary North, 7 Dec 2000
"... the Marbury v. Madison decision ... successfully interposed a new doctrine, unforeseen by most of the Constitution's Framers: judicial review. The Court arrogated to itself the right to overturn Federal laws. With this doctrine and a majority on the Court, the Federalist Party's supreme politician, Chief Justice John Marshall, hamstrung the Jeffersonians for over three decades."

Writings

U.S. Supreme Court, MARBURY v. MADISON, 5 U.S. 137 (1803), Feb 1803
"The Constitution is either a superior paramount law, unchangeable by ordinary means, or it is on a level with ordinary legislative acts, and, like other acts, is alterable when the legislature shall please to alter it. ... the theory of every such government must be, that an act of the legislature, repugnant to the constitution, is void."