First woman to receive an Electoral vote, 1972 Libertarian Vice-Presidential candidate


Tonie Nathan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Theodora Nathalia 'Tonie' Nathan (9 February 1923 - 20 March 2014) was an American political figure. She is the first woman, as well as the first Jewish person, to have received an electoral vote in a United States presidential election. She was the 1972 vice presidential nominee of the Libertarian Party and running mate of John Hospers, when Roger MacBride, a Republican elector from Virginia, cast the historic vote as a faithless elector. ..."

Images - Tonie Nathan
200x323 JPEG, color


20 Mar 2014, in Eugene, Oregon


Board of Advisors, Advocates for Self-Government
Founder, Association of Libertarian Feminists

Web Pages

Libertarian Party: History: Presidential & Vice-Presidential Candidates: 1972: Hospers/Nathan
"Presidential Candidate: John Hospers; Vice Presidential Candidate: Theodora (Tonie) Nathan; On the ballot: 2 states; Votes: 3,907"
Our Campaigns - Candidate Detail Page: Nathan, Theodora "Tonie"
Representative In Congress 4th District: Tonie Nathan Libertarian
Oregon 1996 General Election
State Senator 21st District: Tonie Nathan Libertarian
Oregon 1998 General Election
Tonie Nathan - Libertarian
Advocates for Self-Government


Total Victory: How Sweet It Is! [PDF], by Murray Rothbard, The Libertarian Forum, 1983
Lengthy account and commentary on the 1983 Libertarian Party presidential convention
"Indeed, one of the best statements uttered at this convention was that of Tonie Nathan (Ore.) when she announced her race for the Presidential nomination: 'This used to be the party of principle. Now it is the party of "unity"'."


On Feminism, by Tonie Nathan, Willamette Valley Observer, 1977
Reprinted in On Libertarianism and the 25th anniversary issue of ALF News
"The Association of Libertarian Feminists (ALF) was founded on Ayn Rand's birthday, February 2nd, 1973 in my home in Eugene, Oregon. The first members included men, as well as women. I felt an organization was needed to offer an alternative to other women's groups. It seemed to me that many women who felt unjustly treated by many of our present inequitable laws were being used by leftists and socialists for political purposes. It seemed important to counter this outside the Libertarian party."