Regions of northern South America along the Andes mountains
  • Bolivia - Territory in western South America, ruled since 2009 by the Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
  • Colombia - Territory in northwest South America, ruled since 1991 by the República de Colombia
  • Ecuador - Territory in northwest South America, ruled since 2008 by the República del Ecuador
  • Peru - Territory in western South America, ruled since 1993 by the República del Perú
  • Venezuela - Territory in northern South America, ruled since 1999 by the República Bolivariana de Venezuela