Territory in the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea, ruled since 1991 by the République d'Haïti

Reference

Haiti - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Haiti (French Haïti; Haitian Creole Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti (République d'Haïti; Repiblik Ayiti), is a Caribbean country. It occupies the western, smaller portion of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Ayiti (land of high mountains) was the indigenous Taíno or Amerindian name for the island. The country's highest point is Pic la Selle, at 2,680 metres. The total area of Haiti is 27,750 square kilometres and its capital is Port-au-Prince. Haitian Creole and French are the official languages. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Haiti | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016: Anxious Dictators, Wavering Democracies: Global Freedom under Pressure
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 41, Political Rights: 5, Civil Liberties: 5
"Haitian voters headed to the polls in 2015 for parliamentary, presidential, and local elections. The first round of parliamentary elections, held in August, was marred by violence and reports of widespread violations. The second round of the parliamentary vote was held concurrently with local elections and the first round of the presidential vote in October, with international monitors again reporting grave shortcomings. "
Human Freedom Index, The Human Freedom Index 2016: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom
2014: 7.17, Rank: 61, Personal Freedom: 7.35, Economic Freedom: 6.99, Democracy Index: 3.08
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World: 2016 Annual Report
2014: 6.99, Rank: 82

Articles

Stay Out of Haiti, by Sheldon Richman, 5 Mar 2004
Commentary on U.S. intervention after the Feb 2004 coup d'état
"Guy Philippe, the leader of the rebellion against now-exiled despotic elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, has declared himself the military ruler of Haiti. ... Given the history of U.S. intervention in Haiti, which began with a 19-year stint of outrageous meddling in 1915 at the behest of economic interests, and given the violently intractable nature of the place (in part thanks to that meddling), who can be optimistic?"