Territory in southern Africa, ruled since 1994 by the Republic of South Africa

Reference

South Africa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is a country located at the southern tip of Africa. It is divided into nine provinces, with 2,798 kilometres of coastline on the Atlantic and Indian oceans. To the north of the country lie the neighbouring territories of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe; to the east are Mozambique and Swaziland; while Lesotho is an enclave surrounded by South African territory. South Africa is multi-ethnic and has diverse cultures and languages. Eleven official languages are recognised in the constitution. Two of these languages are of European origin: South African English and Afrikaans, a language which originated mainly from Dutch that is spoken by the majority of white and Coloured South Africans. Though English is commonly used in public and commercial life, it is only the fifth most-spoken home language. ..."

Birthplace of

J. R. R. Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, in Bloemfontein, on 3 Jan 1892

Home To

Friedrich Naumann Foundation, Johannesburg

Deathplace of

Ludwig M. Lachmann, in Johannesburg, on Dec 1990

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 6.92, Rank: 74, Personal Freedom: 7.21, Economic Freedom: 6.64, Democracy Index: 7.64
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 6.64, Rank: 105
South Africa | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 79, Political Rights: 2, Civil Liberties: 2
"South Africa experienced a year of significant popular unrest and discontent with the ruling African National Congress (ANC) in 2015. Several service-delivery protests turned violent, and the largest student demonstrations since the end of apartheid swept the country. A wave of xenophobic violence reached an apex in April and reappeared sporadically later in the year, and authorities initiated a campaign against illegal activities that drew criticism for disproportionately affecting immigrants."

Books

South Africa's War Against Capitalism
    by Walter E. Williams, 1989