"Hacktivism (a portmanteau of hack and activism) is the use of computers and computer networks as a means of protest to promote political ends. The term was first coined in 1998 by a member of the Cult of the Dead Cow hacker collective named Omega. If hacking as 'illegally breaking into computers' is assumed, then hacktivism could be defined as 'the nonviolent use of legal and/or illegal digital tools in pursuit of political ends'. These tools include web site defacements, redirects, denial-of-service attacks, information theft, web site parodies, virtual sit-ins, typosquatting and virtual sabotage. If hacking as 'clever computer usage/programming' is assumed, then hacktivism could be understood as the writing of code to promote political ideology: promoting expressive politics, free speech, human rights, and information ethics through software development. Acts of hacktivism are carried out in the belief that proper use of code will be able to produce similar results to those produced by regular activism or civil disobedience. ..."
Use of computers and networks to protest or to assist with other acts of resistance
Hacktivism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hacktivism: Political Hacking's Global Reach, From Scientology to Wikileaks to the Arab Spring, by Amy Goodman, Democracy Now!, 16 Aug 2011
Amy interviews Gabriella Coleman, assistant professor at NYU, and Peter Fein, an activist with Telecomix