Territory in northwest Africa, ruled since 1960 by the al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah

Reference

Mauritania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Mauritania is a country in the Maghreb in West Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, by Western Sahara in the north, by Algeria in the northeast, by Mali in the east and southeast, and by Senegal in the southwest. It is named after the ancient Berber Kingdom of Mauretania, which later became a province of the Roman Empire, even though the modern state covers a territory far to the southwest of the old kingdom. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 5.35, Rank: 143, Personal Freedom: 5.08, Economic Freedom: 5.63, Democracy Index: 3.96
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 5.63, Rank: 144
Mauritania | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Not Free, Aggregate Score: 30, Political Rights: 6, Civil Liberties: 5
"The political climate in Mauritania remained tense in 2015. Major opposition parties, which boycotted the 2014 elections, continued to denounce President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz as illegitimate even as they attempted to negotiate with the government on the terms of their reentry into the political process. Among their demands were the release of political prisoners, greater respect for civil liberties and the rule of law, and a reduction in the power of the security services."