Islands in the western Pacific Ocean, ruled since 1978 by the Monarchy of Tuvalu

Reference

Tuvalu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, midway between Hawaii and Australia. It comprises four reef islands and five true atolls spread out from 6° to 10° south. Its nearest neighbours are Kiribati, Nauru, Samoa and Fiji. Its population of 10,544 makes it the third-least populous sovereign state in the world, with only Vatican City and Nauru having fewer inhabitants. In terms of physical land size, at just 26 square kilometres Tuvalu is the fourth smallest country in the world ..."

Measures of Freedom

Tuvalu | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 94, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
"Enele Sopoaga, the prime minister since 2013, secured a new term after March 2015 parliamentary elections, holding together his alliance of independent lawmakers. There are no political parties in Tuvalu, though no law bars their formation. Incumbents won 12 of Parliament's 15 seats. The elections had been postponed by more than a week due to damage from a cyclone."