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Freedom Founts

Source Materials About Freedom


1. He who has in himself abundantly the attributes (of the Dào) is like an infant. Poisonous insects will not sting him; fierce beasts will not seize him; birds of prey will not strike him.


2. (The infant's) bones are weak and its sinews soft, but yet its grasp is firm. It knows not yet the union of male and female, and yet its virile member may be excited;—showing the perfection of its physical essence. All day long it will cry without its throat becoming hoarse;—showing the harmony (in its constitution).


3. To him by whom this harmony is known,
    (The secret of) the unchanging (Dào) is shown,
    And in the knowledge wisdom finds its throne.
    All life-increasing arts to evil turn;
    Where the mind makes the vital breath to burn,
    (False) is the strength, (and o'er it we should mourn.)


4. When things have become strong, they (then) become old, which may be said to be contrary to the Dào. Whatever is contrary to the Dào soon ends.

Legge's Comments

玄符, 'The Mysterious Charm;' meaning, apparently, the entire passivity of the Dào.

With pars. 1 and 2, compare what is said about the infant in chapters 10 and 20, and about the immunity from dangers such as here described of the disciple of the Dào in ch. 50. My 'evil' in the second triplet of par. 3 has been translated by 'felicity;' but a reference to the Kāngxī dictionary will show that the meaning which I give to is well authorised. It is the only meaning allowable here. The third and fourth in this par. appear in Héshàng Gōng's text as , and he comments on the clauses accordingly; but 曰 is now the received reading. Some light is thrown on this paragraph and the next by an apocryphal conversation attributed to Lǎozǐ in Liú Xiàng's Shuō Yuàn, X, 4 a.

From Qigong Meditation: Small Circulation1

2. When the bones are weak and the tendons soft, then Wò Gù.2

  1. See Introduction, Addenda↩︎

  2. Yang, Qigong Meditation: Small Circulation, p. 302. Before this translation, Dr. Yang explains that Wò Gù (握固) which "means to hold and to firm" is "placing the hands in front of the lower abdomen". He further comments that "When your body is weak, the fìrst thing you should do is to store abundant Qi at the Real Lower Dan Tian. Wo Gu helps keep your mind there. Then Qi is not led outward, and can be preserved and stored". ↩︎