Laozi (also Lao-Tzu or Lao-Tze, Chinese: 老子; pinyin: Lǎozǐ, lit. "Old Master") was an ancient Chinese philosopher and writer. He is best known as the reputed author of the Dao De Jing and the founder of philosophical Daoism, and as a deity in religious Daoism and traditional Chinese religions.
Although a legendary figure, he is usually dated to around the 6th century BCE and reckoned a contemporary of Confucius, but some historians contend that he actually lived during the Warring States period of the 5th or 4th century BCE. A central figure in Chinese culture, Laozi is claimed by both the emperors of the Tang dynasty and modern people of the Li surname as a founder of their lineage. Laozi's work has been embraced by various anti-authoritarian movements as well as Chinese legalism.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Laozi" as of 21 Dec 2016, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.