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  • Robert Nozick

    Robert Nozick (1938-2002) was an American philosopher. He held the Joseph Pellegrino University Professorship at Harvard University1, and was president of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association1. He is best known for his book Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974), a libertarian answer to John Rawls' A Theory of Justice (1971), in which Nozick proposes his minimal state as the only justifiable form of government. His later work Philosophical Explanations (1981) advanced notable epistemological claims, namely his counterfactual theory of knowledge. It won the Phi Beta Kappa Society's Ralph Waldo Emerson Award the following year.

    Nozick's other work involved ethics, decision theory, philosophy of mind, metaphysics and epistemology. His final work before his death, Invariances (2001), introduced his theory of evolutionary cosmology, by which he argues invariances, and hence objectivity itself, emerged through evolution across possible worlds.

    1. Thomas Kelly, "Robert Nozick, 1938-2002", Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 76, no. 2 (November 2002): 133-135, accessed 12 June 2024. ↩︎

    This article is derived from the English Wikipedia article "Robert Nozick" as of 6 Jun 2024, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.