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Freedom Founts

Source Materials About Freedom

The following individuals and works are referenced by Legge in his commentary and Introduction, and some in our Addenda. Chinese names are given in traditional characters followed by the pinyin romanization and, when used in the original text, the Legge transliteration.

  • Han Ying: 韓嬰 (Hán Yīng, Han Ying), Chinese scholar from the 2nd century BCE.

  • apostle John: one of the Twelve apostles of Jesus (6-100 CE). Legge equates him to John the Evangelist in the notes to chapter 1.

  • Man, tribe: Indigenous people who lived in southern China.

  • Mo, tribe: Ethnic group in China, most of whom follow the Mo religion.

  • Narratives of the School: 孔子家語 (Kǒngzǐ Jiāyǔ), collection of sayings by Confucius.

  • Nestorian Monument of Xi'an: Stone monument found in Xi'an (西安, Xī'ān, Hsî-an) that documented early Christianity in China.

  • Book of Poetry: 詩 or 詩經 (Shī or Shījīng), collection of Chinese poems, known as Classic of Poetry or simply Odes or Poetry, dating from the 11th to 7th centuries BCE.

  • Song, dukedom of: 宋 (Sòng, Sung; 11th century BCE-286 BCE), ancient Chinese state.

  • Song emperor, penultimate: 宋徽宗 (Sòng Huīzōng, Sung; 1082-1135, reigned 1100-1126), Chinese emperor.

  • duke Xi: 魯僖公 (Lǔ Xī Gōng, duke Hsî), ruler of the state of Lu from 659 BCE to 627 BCE.

  • Yi: 易經 (Yìjīng, Yî), ancient Chinese text known as the Classic of Changes or (due to Wade-Giles) the I Ching.

  • Zhang Zhan: 張湛 (Zhāng zhàn, Kang Kan), Chinese philosopher (fl. ca. 370 CE).

  • Zuo zhuan: 左傳 (Zuǒ zhuàn, ℨo Kwan), ancient Chinese history covering the Spring and Autumn period (c. 771 BCE-476 BCE).