The southern part of the island of Great Britain

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

  • London - Capital of Great Britain

Birthplace of

Richard Cobden, in Dunford, Sussex, on 3 Jun 1804
Edward Coke, in Mileham, Norfolk, on 1 Feb 1552
Auberon Herbert, Auberon Edward William Molyneux Herbert, in Highclere Castle, Hampshire, on 18 Jun 1838
Thomas Hodgskin, in Chatham, Kent, on 12 Dec 1787
John Lilburne, in Greenwich, on 1614
John Locke, in Wrington, Somerset, on 29 Aug 1632
Thomas Paine, in Thetford, Norfolk, on 29 Jan 1737
Nassau William Senior, in Compton, Berkshire, on 26 Sep 1790
Algernon Sidney, in Penshurst Place, Kent, on Jan 1623
E. G. West, in Goldthorpe, Yorkshire, on 27 Feb 1922

Home To

Libertarian Party, Brighton

Events of Interest

Magna Carta, signed, in Runnymede, on 15 Jun 1215

Deathplace of

William Blackstone, in Wallinford, Berkshire, on 14 Feb 1780
Edward Coke, in Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire, on 3 Sep 1634
Auberon Herbert, in Burley, Hampshire, on 5 Nov 1906
Thomas Hodgskin, in Feltham, on 21 Aug 1869
John Lilburne, in Eltham, Kent, on 29 Aug 1657
John Locke, in Oates, Essex, on 28 Oct 1704
David Ricardo, in Gatcombe Park, Gloucestershire, on 11 Sep 1823
J. R. R. Tolkien, in Bournemouth, on 2 Sep 1973


An Agreement of the Free People of England: Tendered as a Peace-Offering to this distressed Nation, by John Lilburne, 1 May 1649
"We the free People of England, ... Agree to ascertain our Government, to abolish all arbitrary Power, and to set bounds and limits both to our Supreme, and all Subordinate Authority ... we are agreed ... That the Supreme Authority ... shall be and reside henceforward in a Representative of the People consisting of four hundred persons, but no more ..."
Common Sense: Addressed to the Inhabitants of America, on the following interesting subjects, by Thomas Paine, 14 Feb 1776
Partial contents: Of the origin and design of government in general, with concise remarks on the English Constitution - Of Monarchy and Hereditary Succession - Thoughts of the present state of American Affairs
"I know it is difficult to get over local or long standing prejudices, yet if we will suffer ourselves to examine the component parts of the English constitution, we shall find them to be the base remains of two ancient tyrannies, compounded with some new Republican materials. ... To say that the constitution of England is a union of three powers reciprocally checking each other, is farcical, either the words have no meaning, or they are flat contradictions."
Related Topic: Government
Self-Interest and Social Order in Classical Liberalism: Bernard Mandeville, by George H. Smith, 9 Jan 2015
Discusses interpretations of Mandeville's "private vices", his defense of psychological egoism and the movement to curtail personal vices in England at the turn of the 18th century
"When Mandeville moved to England during the 1690’s (while he was in his twenties), he encountered a widespread movement to suppress personal vices. The Glorious Revolution of 1688 was widely viewed by pious Christians as not only a revolution for the rights of Englishmen but also as a revolution against moral corruption. The Stuart kings, it was said, had tolerated and even encouraged immorality (drunkenness, whoring, etc.) among their subjects as a means of maintaining political control; only a virtuous citizenry will resist tyranny."
The Colonial Venture of Ireland, Part 1, by Wendy McElroy, Future of Freedom, May 2004
Historical account of Ireland from its earliest inhabitants, through various invaders, conflicts with the English and between Catholics and Protestants, to the mid-nineteenth century
"Fearing that a rival state would arise, King Henry II landed with troops and was officially installed as ruler. His rule was a formality. The English controlled only about 20 square miles around the southern coast-city of Dublin ... In the first half of the 16th century, however, the Tudor king Henry VIII complicated foreign affairs. Failing to get a papal annulment for his first marriage, Henry broke with the Roman Catholic Church. The Anglican Church was established as the state church ... The reign of Henry's daughter, Queen Elizabeth I, was different. England was threatened by Catholic France ..."
The Roots of Modern Libertarian Ideas, by Brian Doherty, Cato Policy Report, Mar 2007
Survey of the history of libertarian ideas, from ancient China and Greece to 20th century writers
"Americans were, first, Englishmen; and, as historian of the American Revolution Gordon Wood has pointed out, 'no people in the history of the world had ever made so much of [liberty]. Unlike the poor enslaved French, the English in the 18th century had no standing army, no letters de cachet; they had their habeas corpus, their trials by jury, their freedom of speech and conscience, and their right to trade and travel; they were free from arbitrary arrests and punishments; their homes were their castles.'"
Vices Are Not Crimes: A Vindication of Moral Liberty, by Lysander Spooner, Mar 1875
Contrasts crimes and vices, discussing the need to legislate or take other governmental action against the former but not the latter, countering several potential arguments in favor of vice legislation, in particular laws regarding spirituous liquors
"An illustration of this fact is found in England, whose government, for a thousand years and more, has been little or nothing else than a band of robbers, who have conspired to monopolize the land, and, as far as possible, all other wealth. These conspirators, calling themselves kings, nobles, and freeholders, ... employ their power solely in robbing and enslaving the great body of their own people, and in plundering and enslaving other peoples."

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "England" as of 7 Nov 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.