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Economic, social and political forms of societal organization

An economic system (also economic order) is a system of production, resource allocation and distribution of goods and services within a society or a given geographic area. It includes the combination of the various institutions, agencies, entities, decision-making processes and patterns of consumption that comprise the economic structure of a given community. As such, an economic system is a type of social system. The mode of production is a related concept. All economic systems have three basic questions to ask: what to produce, how to produce and in what quantities, and who receives the output of production.

  • Capitalism - Economic system where the means of production are privately owned
  • Communism - Socio-economic system in which private property rights are eliminated
  • Fascism - Politico-economic system where the means of production are nominally in private hands but controlled by a combination of state and business interests
  • Socialism - Socio-economic system in which the means of production and distribution are under collective or government control

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Economic system" as of 4 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.