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C. Northcote Parkinson's rule that in a bureaucracy work expands to fill the available time

Parkinson's law is the adage that "work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion". It is sometimes applied to the growth of bureaucracy in an organization. This law is likely derived from ideal gas law, whereby a gas expands to fit the volume allotted.


Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States, by Murray N. Rothbard, The Journal of Libertarian Studies, 1995
Historical examination of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
[The] hilariously satirical ... account of "Parkinson's Law" of bureaucracy ... Professor Parkinson asserted that, in a government bureaucracy, "there need be little or no relationship between the work to be done and the size of the staff to which it may be assigned." The continuing rise in the total of government employees "would be much the same whether the volume of the work were to increase, diminish, or even disappear." Parkinson identifies two "axiomatic" underlying forces responsible for this growth: (1) "An official wants to multiply subordinates, not rivals"; and (2) "Officials make work for each other."


Parkinson's Law
    by C. Northcote Parkinson, 1957

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Parkinson's law" as of 30 Jun 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.