Ama-gi is a Sumerian cuneiform inscription believed to be the first instance of the concept of freedom. Its earliest attested usage is in the reforms of the 24th century BCE king Uru-ka-gina. Its literal meaning is "return to mother". Although noted Assyriologist Samuel Noah Kramer wrote in 1963 that "we still do not know why this figure of speech came to be used for 'freedom'", since ama-gi was used to refer to manumission, i.e., the freeing of slaves, and similar concepts such as exemption from debts or obligations, it is logically consistent that a freed individual would "return to home or mother".
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Volume 1, Issue 1 of the LSE Hayek Society journal
Delves into the etymology and semantics of the English words "freedom" and "liberty"
In cuneiform writing they say 'Ama-Gi'
The most ancient way of writing we're free,
In wedges of clay before 2000 BC.
For four thousand years now people have known
That freedom is greatest when each is left alone.
No central planners, no central plan
Can make as much difference as one single man