Historian, research fellow at The Independent Institute


Independent Institute, Research Fellow
Center for a Stateless Society, Senior Fellow and Advisor


Non-Marxist Theories of Imperialism, by Alan Fairgate, Feb 1976
Examines writings of critics of imperialism that are not based on Marxist analysis
"Such an analysis should be an essential element in any effort to formulate a systematic libertarian theory of imperialism. Joseph Stromberg, in 'The Political Economy of Liberal Corporatism' ... and in a subsequent paper, 'American Monopoly Statism and the Rise of Empire' ... has made an important initial effort in this direction. While his economic analysis may be challenged, Stromberg's work remains essential reading for those interested in this field, since it is a sophisticated attempt to trace the relationship between domestic economic intervention and military intervention abroad."


Felix Morley: An Old-fashioned Republican, Antiwar.com, 7 Dec 1999
Biographical and bibliographical essay
"Felix Morley served the cause we now call the Old Right for many years. His thought was a well-wrought synthesis of classical republicanism and classical liberalism. This led people to see him as a 'conservative' – but let's not argue labels just now. ... Morley's life reminds us of a better America. ... Morley – unlike the gang of new right conservatives – understood one of the most important 'causal connections': 'Total war, arriving in our lifetime, is the perfected means for building the totalitarian state.'"
Frank Chodorov: A Libertarian's Libertarian, 30 Nov 1999
Biographical essay on Frank Chodorov with emphasis on his foreign policy views
"Along with that whole generation of libertarians, republicans, and conservatives we call the Old Right, Chodorov was strongly committed to nonintervention. As World War II took form, he wrote many antiwar editorials in the old Freeman, a publication of the Henry George School. ... He founded his own broadsheet, analysis in 1944. In this little journal, he could truly write what he thought."
Related Topic: Frank Chodorov
Frédéric Bastiat: Two Hundred Years On, 2001
Survey of Bastiat's life and writings
"Bastiat proceeds by parable, humorous dialogues, fables, satire, parodies of French literature, and - perhaps best of all - reductiones ad absurdum (tongue-in-cheek legislative proposals and the like). Really, all of Bastiat's writings, even the most technical, are in effect 'popular.' Bastiat, the gentleman farmer with practical business knowledge, argues from experience by way of clear propositions to conclusions which seem obvious once he has spelled things out."
Related Topic: Frédéric Bastiat
Freedom vs. Liberty, 10 Jul 2001
Delves into the etymology of the English words "freedom" and "liberty"
"'Liberty' derives from Latin libertas, from liber, 'free.' ... English got 'liberty' as Norman-French liberté libertas, an abstract noun deriving from liber, which also gives us 'liberal,' 'liberate,' and other words. ... Even so, 'freedom' seems a bit more world-bound or concrete than 'liberty.' The latter conjures up the abstract public liberty in relation to the state. ... Freedom might well be the very 'thing' it is most important not to lose."
Related Topics: Ama-gi, Liberty
Garet Garrett (1878-1954) On Empire, 5 Aug 2000
Biographical and bibliographical essay, focusing on the essays in The People's Pottage
"I have foregone writing about Garet Garrett in this space partly because Justin Raimondo has written so often and eloquently about him in his columns. Nonetheless, Garrett was such an interesting and articulate – if, in the end, forlorn and hopeless – critic of the system of US global meddling that it seems a pity not to say something about him in this column. ... Sixth and last: The empire becomes 'A prisoner of history.' This is the worst feature of all, and all the Compassionate Conservatism in the world won't help us here, short of repudiating empire and all its works. Someone tell ole George, will ya?"
Gustave de Molinari on States and Defense, 25 Jul 2000
Examines Molinari's conception of the states, including democracies, and their role in defense, as well as his proposal for agencies to provide defense against external aggressors
"Gustave de Molinari (1819-1912) was born in Belgium but spent much of his life in France as a member of the French laissez faire liberal school of economists. ... In this radical school of economists Molinari stood out as the most radical. He appears to have been the first writer to draw the conclusion that government could, in effect, be replaced by competing companies or agencies offering to provide security and protection."
Lysander Spooner (1808-1887) and Foreign Policy: Spooner's Real Views About Everything, 8 May 2000
Begins wih biographical summary and then delves into Spooner's views on slavery, the U.S. Constitution and the War Between the States
"Spooner's lifetime saw many important changes in American life. Born in Massachusetts in 1808, he grew up in a largely free society whose constituent republics were united on the basis of consent. By the time he died in 1887, he had seen the central state strengthened by fire and sword, 1861-1865, and the union shifted to a basis of naked force. The whole time, however, it was maintained by those in authority that nothing substantial had really changed."
The Spanish-American War: The Leap into Overseas Empire, Part 2, Future of Freedom, Jan 1999
Related Topics: Cuba, Imperialism, Philippines, Spain
The Spanish-American War: The Leap into Overseas Empire, Part 1, Future of Freedom, Dec 1998
Related Topics: Cuba, Imperialism, Philippines, Spain