American revolutionary leader, organizer of the Boston Tea Party
Samuel Adams

Samuel Adams (27 September 27 [O.S. 16 September] 1722 - 2 October 1803) was an American statesman, political philosopher and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was a politician in colonial Massachusetts, a leader of the movement that became the American Revolution, and one of the architects of the principles of American republicanism that shaped the political culture of the United States. He was a second cousin to fellow Founding Father, President John Adams.

Born

27 Sep 1722, in Boston, Massachusetts

Died

2 Oct 1803, in Boston, Massachusetts

Biography

Sam Adams
The American Revolution Home Page

Articles

Samuel Adams - Hero of the Day, The Daily Objectivist, 2000
The Post Office as a Violation of Constitutional Rights, by Wendy McElroy, The Freeman, May 2001
Prompted by the announcement of the U.S. Postal Service eBillPay service (now discontinued), surveys the history of mail service vis-à-vis civil rights, from colonial days to the present
"In colonial America the founding fathers were acutely aware of the censorious role that British control of the post office played. Sam Adams urged the creation of a parallel and private system so that information could flow freely from colony to colony and so establish political cohesion. He insisted that the colonial post office deceived the people into believing it was a public utility when its real purpose was to stop 'the Channels of publick Intelligence and' aid 'the measures of Tyranny.'"
The Rocky Road of American Taxation, by Charles Adams, Mises Daily, 15 Apr 2006
Adapted from the author's For Good and Evil: The Impact of Taxes on the Course of Civilization
"Sam Adams ... argued that if the Congress had the power to levy a tax on imports, every seaport, from Maine to Georgia, would be filled with an army of overpaid excisemen, tide-waiters, and cellar rats. And what would happen to the funds raised from the sweat of the people? ... Congress ... would squander it with a reckless profusion, he said."
To Defeat the Assault on Liberty, Our Appeals Must Be Moral, by Jim Powell, 13 May 2013
Argues, by providing several historical examples, that "compelling moral appeals for liberty" are needed to confront various current problems such as government spending and debt, higher taxes and disregard of constitutional limits on executive power
"... nobody did more than the Boston brewer Samuel Adams to incite resistance. He organized opposition to British taxes. He recruited revolutionaries by visiting shops, taverns, lodges, shipyards and volunteer fire companies. He fumed against British officials with their 'ambition and lust of power above the law.' He warned that political power was 'intoxicating in its nature, too intoxicating and liable to abuse.' The British governor of Massachusetts Francis Bernard denounced Adams, saying 'Every tip of his pen stung like a horned snake.'"

Writings

The Rights of the Colonists: The Report of the Committee of Correspondence to the Boston Town Meeting, 20 Nov 1772
Hanover College History Department, Hanover Historical Texts Project
"Among the natural rights of the Colonists are these: First, a right to life; Secondly, to liberty; Thirdly, to property; together with the right to support and defend them in the best manner they can. These are evident branches of, rather than deductions from, the duty of self-preservation, commonly called the first law of nature."
Related Topic: Rights

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