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Territory in eastern Arabia, ruled since 1971 by the Al Thani family
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  • FreedomPedia
  • Qatar (Arabic: قطر Qaṭar), officially the State of Qatar (Arabic: دولة قطر‎‎ Dawlat Qaṭar), is a country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Whether it should be regarded as a constitutional or an absolute monarchy is disputed. Its sole land border is with neighboring Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) monarchy Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. An arm of the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island monarchy of Bahrain.

    Geographical type: Territory

    Latitude: 25.5° N — Longitude: 51.25° E

    Area: 11,586 km²

    ISO 3166-2 code: QA

    Measures of Freedom

    Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
    2019: 6.15, Rank: 128, Personal Freedom: 5.48, Economic Freedom: 7.09
    Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
    2014: 7.91, Rank: 12
    Qatar | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
    2016: Status: Not Free, Aggregate Score: 27, Political Rights: 6, Civil Liberties: 5
    The government of Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, Qatar's emir since 2013, became less assertive in foreign policy during 2015 as domestic challenges—arising from low oil and gas prices and a related slowdown in public spending—took priority. Relations with fellow Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states improved markedly, and Qatar supported the Saudi-led military operation in Yemen.

    The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Qatar" as of 27 Jul 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.