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Where Can You Find Freedom Today?

Territory in western Africa, ruled since 1960 by the République du Sénégal

Senegal (Wolof: Senegaal; French: Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal (Wolof: Réewum Senegaal; French: République du Sénégal), is a country in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. Senegal also borders The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal's southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country. Senegal also shares a maritime border with Cape Verde. Senegal's economic and political capital is Dakar. It is the westernmost country in the mainland of the Old World, or Afro-Eurasia, and owes its name to the Senegal River, which borders it to the east and north. The name "Senegal" comes from the Wolof "Sunuu Gaal", which means "Our Boat". Senegal covers a land area of almost 197,000 square kilometers and has an estimated population of about 15 million. The climate is typically Sahelian, though there is a rainy season.

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 14° N — Longitude: 14° W

Area: 196,712 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: SN

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
2019: 7.07, Rank: 87, Personal Freedom: 7.66, Economic Freedom: 6.25
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 6.42, Rank: 118
Senegal | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2022
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 78, Political Rights: 2, Civil Liberties: 2
Despite Senegal's high levels of political pluralism and competition, a number of institutional challenges to political rights arose in 2015. In an internal rule change in June that generated criticism as well as accusations of fraud in the recording of votes, the National Assembly increased requirements for forming opposition parliamentary groups.

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Senegal" as of 17 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.