The Maghreb (Arabic: المغرب, translit. al-Maɣréb, lit. "The West"), also known as Northwest Africa or Northern Africa, Greater Arab Maghreb (Arabic: المغرب العربي الكبير, translit. al-Maghrib al-ʿArabi al-Kabir), Arab Maghreb (Arabic: المغرب العربي, translit. al-Maghrib al-ʿArabi) or Greater Maghreb (Arabic: المغرب الكبير, translit. al-Maghrib al-Kabīr), or by some sources the Berber world, Barbary and Berbery, is a major region of North Africa that consists primarily of the countries of Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania. It additionally includes the disputed territories of Western Sahara (mostly controlled by Morocco) and the cities of Melilla and Ceuta (both controlled by Spain and claimed by Morocco). As of 2018, the region has a population of over 100 million people.
- Algeria - Territory in northeast Africa, ruled since 1962 by the Al Jumhuriyah al Jazairiyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Shabiyah
- Libya - Territory in northern Africa, ruled since 2016 by the Government of National Accord
- Morocco - Territory in northwest Africa, ruled since 1956 by the al Mamlakah al Maghribiyah
- Tunisia - Territory in northern Africa, ruled since 1956 by the al-Jumhūrīyah at-Tūnisīyah
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Maghreb" as of 8 Nov 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.