Islands in the southwest Indian Ocean, ruled since 1992 by the Republic of Mauritius
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  • FreedomPedia
  • Mauritius (French: Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (French: République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the island of Mauritius, Rodrigues (560 kilometres east) and the outer islands (Agaléga, St. Brandon and two disputed territories). The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues (172 km southwest) form part of the Mascarene Islands, along with nearby Réunion, a French overseas department. The area of the country is 2,040 km². The capital and largest city is Port Louis. Mauritius was a British colonial possession from 1810 to 1968, the year of its independence. The government uses English as the main language.

    Measures of Freedom

    Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
    2014: 8.02, Rank: 34, Personal Freedom: 8.06, Economic Freedom: 7.98, Democracy Index: 7.78
    Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
    2014: 7.98, Rank: 5
    Mauritius | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
    2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 90, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 2
    "The new Alliance Lepep government consolidated its political power in 2015, taking all 120 seats contested in June's local elections. The polls were conducted following electoral reforms that increased the number of councilors to 4 per district, from 3 previously. Alliance Lepep's sweep of the local polls followed its surprise victory over the ruling coalition of Navinchandra Ramgoolam in general elections held in late 2014."

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