The Australian continent and nearby islands in the central and south Pacific Ocean

Oceania is a geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Spanning the eastern and western hemispheres, Oceania covers an area of 8,525,989 square kilometers and has a population of 40 million. Situated in the southeast of the Asia-Pacific region, Oceania is the smallest continental grouping in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica.

  • Australia - The smallest continent, its territory is ruled since 1942 by the Monarchy of Australia
  • Fiji - Islands in the southwest Pacific Ocean, ruled since 1987 by the Matanitu ko Viti
  • New Zealand - Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean, ruled since 1947 by the Monarchy of New Zealand