Territory in west central Asia, ruled since 1991 by a homonymous republic


Turkmenistan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Turkmenistan (Turkmen: T├╝rkmenistan), formerly also known as Turkmenia (Russian: Туркмения), is one of the Turkic states in Central Asia. Until 1991, it was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR). Turkmenistan is one of the six independent Turkic states. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, Uzbekistan to the east and northeast, Kazakhstan to the north and northwest and the Caspian Sea to the west. ... The Turkmen government operates as a single-party system. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Turkmenistan | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Not Free, Aggregate Score: 4, Political Rights: 7, Civil Liberties: 7
"President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov's government reinforced its repressive controls on politics and society in 2015. During the year, legislators discussed constitutional changes that would allow the president to serve for an unlimited number of terms. State authorities continued to limit the availability of independent information, harass and imprison critics, and pressure ethnic and religious minorities. International criticism and pressure have not led to genuine respect for fundamental freedoms by the government."