Territory in southwest Asia and southeast Europe, ruled since 1923 by the Türkiye Cumhuriyeti


Turkey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye), known officially as the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia (mostly in the Anatolian peninsula) and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan (the exclave of Nakhchivan) and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between East Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 6.96, Rank: 73, Personal Freedom: 7.06, Economic Freedom: 6.86, Democracy Index: 5.53
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 6.86, Rank: 90
Turkey | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 53, Political Rights: 3, Civil Liberties: 4
"Turkey held two parliamentary elections in 2015 amid an exceptionally polarized and volatile political environment. Prior to the first vote in June, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan campaigned for the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), hoping that it could gain 60 percent of parliamentary seats, which would allow it to call a referendum on constitutional changes to create a stronger presidency."