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Territory in northwest South America, ruled since 2008 by the República del Ecuador

Ecuador (Quechua: Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Quechua: Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a country in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometers west of the mainland. The capital city is Quito, while the largest city is Guayaquil.

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 2° S — Longitude: 77.5° W

Area: 283,560 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: EC

Home To

Instituto Ecuatoriano de Economia Politica, Guayaquil

Measures of Freedom

Ecuador | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2022
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 59, Political Rights: 3, Civil Liberties: 3
In December 2015, Ecuador's National Assembly, dominated by President Rafael Correa's ruling Alianza PAIS, approved a series of constitutional amendments that included the removal of term limits for all elected officials, among other measures. The amendments drew national protests throughout the year. The government has increasingly cracked down on social media and other internet activity, leading some online outlets to disable public comment sections out of fear of reprisal.
Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
2019: 7.43, Rank: 72, Personal Freedom: 7.96, Economic Freedom: 6.68
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 5.76, Rank: 142

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ecuador" as of 19 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.