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Continent occupying the Western Hemisphere south of the Isthmus of Panama

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas, which is how it is viewed in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas. The reference to South America instead of other regions (like Latin America or the Southern Cone) has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil).

  • Andean states - Regions of northern South America along the Andes mountains
  • Argentina - Territory in southeast South America, ruled since 1861 by the República Argentina
  • Bolivia - Territory in western South America, ruled since 2009 by the Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
  • Brazil - Territory in eastern South America, ruled since 1988 by the República Federativa do Brasil
  • Chile - Territory in southwest South America, ruled since 1980 by the República de Chile
  • Colombia - Territory in northwest South America, ruled since 1991 by the República de Colombia
  • Ecuador - Territory in northwest South America, ruled since 2008 by the República del Ecuador
  • Paraguay - Territory in central South America, ruled since 1992 by the República del Paraguay
  • Peru - Territory in western South America, ruled since 1993 by the República del Perú
  • Southern Cone - Southernmost regions of South America, below the Tropic of Capricorn
  • Uruguay - Territory in southeast South America, ruled since 1828 by the República Oriental del Uruguay
  • Venezuela - Territory in northern South America, ruled since 1999 by the República Bolivariana de Venezuela

Articles

A Libertarian Visits South America, by Jacob Hornberger, Future of Freedom, Mar 1999
Relates Hornberger's trip to give lectures and participate in debates at the Instituto de Estudos Empresariais in Brazil and the launching of the Fundación Atlas para una Sociedad Libre in Buenos Aires
Last fall, I was invited to South America by two free-market think tanks — the Instituto de Estudos Empresariais (IEE — Institute for Entrepreneurial Studies) in Porto Alegre, Brazil, and the Fundación Atlas para una Sociedad Libre (Atlas Foundation for a Free Society) in Buenos Aires, Argentina ... Both Brazil and Argentina have suffered severe economic problems in the past. The future for both nations lies with dedicated libertarians like Roy Ashton and Felipe Goron and their associates at IEE in Brazil and like Gabriel Salvia and his associates at the Atlas Foundation in Argentina.

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "South America" as of 2 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.