Continent occupying the Western Hemisphere south of the Isthmus of Panama

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas, which is how it is viewed in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas. The reference to South America instead of other regions (like Latin America or the Southern Cone) has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil).

  • Andean states - Regions of northern South America along the Andes mountains
  • Brazil - Territory in eastern South America, ruled since 1988 by the República Federativa do Brasil
  • Southern Cone - Southernmost regions of South America, below the Tropic of Capricorn

Articles

A Libertarian Visits South America, by Jacob Hornberger, Future of Freedom, Mar 1999
Relates Hornberger's trip to visit the Instituto de Estudos Empresariais in Brazil and the Fundación Atlas para una Sociedad Libre in Argentina
"Last fall, I was invited to South America by two free-market think tanks — the Instituto de Estudos Empresariais (IEE — Institute for Entrepreneurial Studies) in Porto Alegre, Brazil, and the Fundación Atlas para una Sociedad Libre (Atlas Foundation for a Free Society) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. I thought the readers of Freedom Daily might find my experiences interesting."

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "South America" as of 02 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.