The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas. Geologically, the Indian subcontinent is related to the land mass that rifted from Gondwana and merged with the Eurasian plate nearly 55 million years ago. Geographically, it is the peninsular region in south-central Asia delineated by the Himalayas in the north, the Hindu Kush in the west, and the Arakanese in the east. Politically, the Indian subcontinent includes Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
- Bangladesh - Territory in southern Asia on the Bay of Bengal, ruled since 1971 by the Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh
- Bhutan - Territory in central Asia, ruled since 2008 by the Kingdom of Bhutan
- India - Territory in southern Asia, ruled since 1947 by the Bhārat Gaṇarājya
- Nepal - Territory in south Asia, ruled since 2008 by the Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl
- Pakistan - Territory in southern Asia, ruled since 1956 by the Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān[
- Sri Lanka - Island in the Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of India, ruled since 1972 by the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Indian subcontinent" as of 4 Nov 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.