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Territory in southeast Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Statul Român

Romania (Romanian: România) is a country located at the crossroads of central, eastern, and southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea to southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to southwest and Moldova to the east. It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometers, Romania is the 12th largest country and also the 7th most populous member state of the European Union, having almost 20 million inhabitants. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest and other major urban areas include Iași, Timișoara, Cluj-Napoca and Constanța.

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 46° N — Longitude: 25° E

Area: 238,391 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: RO

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2023: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom
2021: 7.90, Rank: 37, Personal freedom: 8.05, Economic freedom: 7.70
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.66, Rank: 22
Romania | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2024
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 83, Political Rights: 2, Civil Liberties: 2
The National Liberal Party (PNL) initiated two no-confidence votes against Prime Minister Victor Ponta and his cabinet in 2015, but neither won enough support to bring down his administration. However, Ponta resigned in November 2015 after dozens of people were killed in a fire at a Bucharest nightclub, an incident that prompted mass demonstrations against corruption and officials' perceived disregard for safety regulations.

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Romania" as of 27 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.