Adam Ferguson, FRSE, also known as Ferguson of Raith (1 July [20 June Julian] 1723 – 22 February 1816), was a Scottish philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment.
List of 24 primary works (various editions and some translations) and ten secondary works
Discusses the recognition of the limits on human knowledge, which the author claims leads to the title spirit as evidenced in "the American experiment" and its possible lessons for European unification
observed that "to the ancient Greek, or the Roman, the individual was nothing, and the public everything," an attitude expressed by disdain for commerce and by devotion to classical republican civic virtue and to war as the main, business of public life; in contrast to such "rude" societies, "civilized" or "polished" societies were marked by commerce and the division of labor and the inequalities that arose from differential rewards for different talents and occupations.
Partial contents: Of the General Characteristics of Human Nature - Of the History of Rude Nations - Of the History of Policy and Arts - Of the Consequences that result from the Advancement of Civil and Commercial Arts - Of Corruption and Political Slavery
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Adam Ferguson" as of 3 Jul 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.