Territory in the north of the island of Great Britain, ruled since 1707 by the Monarchy of the United Kingdom, the PĂ rlamaid na h-Alba and the Riaghaltas na h-Alba

Scotland (Scots: Scotland, Scottish Gaelic: Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain. It shares a border with England to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest. In addition to the mainland, the country has more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

Birthplace of

Adam Ferguson, in Perthshire, on 20 Jun 1723
David Hume, in Edinburgh, on 26 Apr 1711
James Mill, James Milne, in Northwater Bridge, Forfarshire, on 6 Apr 1773
Adam Smith, (baptized), in Kirkcaldy, Fife, on 5 Jun 1723

Deathplace of

Adam Ferguson, in St. Andrews, on 22 Feb 1816
David Hume, in Edinburgh, on 25 Aug 1776
Adam Smith, in Edinburgh, on 17 Jul 1790

Articles

Economic Ideas: Francis Hutcheson and a System of Natural Liberty, by Richard Ebeling, William Holden, 21 Nov 2016
Discusses the main themes in Hutcheson's System of Moral Philosophy
"Scotland would seem a strange place for the emergence of center of intellectual development that would influence the stream of ideas throughout the world. ... scholars and professors attempted to look beyond Great Britain for intellectual influences and associations outside the orbit and dominance of London. Thus, Scottish thinkers were familiar with, and often had personal ties with many of the leading intellectual figures on the European continent ... But the emerging Scottish variation on the Enlightenment ... developed in distinct ways, especially in the circles around the universities in Edinburgh and Glasgow."
Thomas Chalmers and the Poor Laws, by Clifford F. Thies, The Freeman, Dec 1993
Biographical essay on Scottish minister Thomas Chalmers focusing on his arguments for reforming Poor Laws and his objections to providing relief to the "undeserving poor", and a concluding section on current poverty relief
"Thomas Chalmers (1780-1847) was ordained in the Church of Scotland in 1803 ... In 1819, he was appointed minister of St. John's parish, the largest and the poorest in Glasgow. In this position, he got permission to completely substitute church charity for public welfare ... Later appointed to university positions at St. Andrews and at Edinburgh, Chalmers ... [sought] independence of the church from civil authority, and the right of parishioners to elect their own ministers. ... after "the Disruption of 1843," ... 203 commissioners walked out of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland ..."
Related Topic: Government

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Scotland" as of 3 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.