First Chief Justice of the United States, co-author of the Federalist Papers
John Jay

John Jay (12 December 1745 – 17 May 1829) was an American statesman, patriot, diplomat, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, negotiator and signatory of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, second Governor of New York and the first Chief Justice of the United States (1789-1795). He directed U.S. foreign policy for much of the 1780s and was an important leader of the Federalist Party after the ratification of the United States Constitution in 1788.


12 Dec 1745, in New York City


17 May 1829, in Bedford, Westchester County, New York


A Brief Biography of John Jay
"The Papers of John Jay", Columbia University Libraries
Junto Society Founder of the Month, by Monty Rainey, Dec 2002
The Supreme Court Historical Society

Web Pages

John Jay - Online Library of Liberty
Includes portrait, short biography and links to various of Jay's works and links to selected quotations
"John Jay (1745-1829) was a member of the Continental Congress in 1774 through 1779 and its president in 1778-79, drafter of New York's first constitution in 1777, chief justice of the New York supreme court from 1777 to 1778, U. S. minister to Spain in 1779, a member of the commission to negotiate peace with Great Britain in Paris in 1787, U. S. secretary of foreign affairs from 1784 to 1789, Chief Justice of the United States from 1789 to 1795, and governor of New York from 1795 to 1801."


Select Bibliography
"The Papers of John Jay", Columbia University Libraries


Empire or Liberty: The Antifederalists and Foreign Policy, 1787-1788 [PDF], by Jonathan Marshall, The Journal of Libertarian Studies, 1980
"John Jay, who had as much foreign experience as any framer of the Constitution, was no less an expansionist. Indeed, his case for 'the best possible state of defense' under a strong central government rested on the assumption of an expanding empire. The European powers, he observed, ... would try to hem in the United States ..."
Related Topics: Benjamin Franklin, Imperialism

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "John Jay" as of 02 May 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.