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Island in the Persian Gulf, ruled since 1971 by the Al Khalifa family

Bahrain (Arabic: البحرين‎ al-Baḥrayn), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (Arabic: مملكة البحرين‎ Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf. It is an island country consisting of a small archipelago centered around Bahrain Island, situated between the Qatar peninsula and the north eastern coast of Saudi Arabia, to which it is connected by the 25-kilometer King Fahd Causeway. Bahrain's population is 1,234,571 (c. 2010), including 666,172 non-nationals. It is 765.3 square kilometers in size, making it the third-smallest nation in Asia after the Maldives and Singapore.

Geographical type: Island

Latitude: 26.03° N — Longitude: 50.55° E

Area: 765 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: BH

Measures of Freedom

Bahrain | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Not Free, Aggregate Score: 14, Political Rights: 7, Civil Liberties: 6
After the opposition's boycott of the 2014 parliamentary elections and unsuccessful attempts at compromise, relations between Bahrain's government and the opposition remained tense in 2015. The opposition groups Al-Wefaq and the National Democratic Action Society, among others, faced heightened harassment during the year. In June, a Bahraini court sentenced Al-Wefaq president Ali Salman to four years in prison on a number of serious charges, including promotion of violent political change.
Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
2019: 5.73, Rank: 143, Personal Freedom: 4.59, Economic Freedom: 7.33
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.60, Rank: 26

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bahrain" as of 17 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.