Territory in northwest Europe, ruled since 1830 by the Koninkrijk België/Royaume de Belgique

Belgium officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg. It covers an area of 30,528 square kilometers and has a population of more than 11 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi and Liège.

Birthplace of

Gustave de Molinari, in Liège, on 3 Mar 1819

Deathplace of

Gustave de Molinari, in Adinkerque, on 28 Jan 1912

Measures of Freedom

Belgium | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 96, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
"The political environment in 2015 was dominated by concerns about terrorist activity in Belgium. Officials estimated that close to 500 individuals had traveled from Belgium to join extremist groups in Syria—the highest per capita rate in the European Union (EU). In January, days after terrorists attacked the offices of the Charlie Hebdo magazine in Paris, Belgian security forces carried out nationwide raids against suspected Islamist militants. "
Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 8.38, Rank: 17, Personal Freedom: 9.25, Economic Freedom: 7.51, Democracy Index: 7.56
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.51, Rank: 32

Articles

The Railroads of France, by Murray Rothbard, The Freeman, Sep 1955
Recounts the history of gradual nationalization of French railroads from 1876 to 1938, as well as a comparison between the Belgian state-owned railway and the then privately-owned French Northern Railway
"Another comparison is provided by the Belgian state-owned railway which was directly adjacent to the privately-owned French Northern Railway. The roads were of similar size and faced comparable conditions, and in 1911 both railways charged practically the same rates. The privately-operated French Northern paid taxes of 28 million francs and rent of 41 million, with 31 million francs remaining as profit. Yet, the Belgian state railway, which paid neither rent nor taxes, operated at a loss."
Related Topics: France, Transportation

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Belgium" as of 18 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.