The Balkans, also known as the Balkan Peninsula, or Southeast Europe is a geographic area in Europe with various definitions. The region takes its name from the Balkan Mountains that stretch from the Serbian-Bulgarian border to the Black Sea. The Balkan Peninsula is bordered by the Adriatic Sea on the northwest, the Ionian Sea on the southwest, the Aegean Sea in the south and southeast and the Black Sea on the east and northeast. The northern border of the peninsula is variously defined. The highest point of the Balkans is Mount Musala, 2,925 meters, in the Rila mountain range.
- Albania - Territory in southeast Europe on the Adriatic Sea, ruled since 1992 by the Republika e Shqipërisë
- Bosnia and Herzegovina - Territory in south central Europe, ruled since 1995 by Republika Srpska, the Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine and the Brčko Distrikt
- Bulgaria - Territory in southeast Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Republic of Bulgaria
- Croatia - Territory in southern Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Republika Hrvatska
- Greece - Territory in southeast Europe, ruled since 1975 by the Elliniki Dhimokratia
- Macedonia, Republic of - Territory in southeast Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Republika Makedonija
- Romania - Territory in southeast Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Statul Român
- Serbia - Territory in southeastern Europe, ruled since 2006 by the Republika Srbija
- Slovenia - Territory in central Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Republika Slovenija
- Turkey - Territory in southwest Asia and southeast Europe, ruled since 1923 by the Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Balkans" as of 07 Nov 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.