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Territory in north central Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Eesti Vabariik

Estonia (Estonian: Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik), is a country in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland with Finland on the other side, to the west by the Baltic Sea with Sweden to the west (Scandinavia to the far west and north), to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km). The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and 2,222 islands in the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,227 km², water 2,839 km², land area 42,388 km², and is influenced by a humid continental climate. The official language of the country, Estonian, is the second most spoken Finnic language.

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 59° N — Longitude: 26° E

Area: 45,339 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: EE

Measures of Freedom

Estonia | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2024
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 94, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
Following the March 2015 parliamentary elections, the ruling pro-business Reform Party formed a coalition with the center-left Social Democratic Party (SDE) and the center-right Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica (IRL). The legislature became increasingly fragmented throughout the year, calling into question the stability of the government. By late 2015, four cabinet ministers, including the foreign minister, had been replaced.
Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2023: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom
2021: 8.75, Rank: 5, Personal freedom: 9.32, Economic freedom: 7.95
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.70, Rank: 19

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Estonia" as of 24 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.