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Territory in north central Europe, ruled since 1990 by the Latvijas Republika

Latvia (Latvian: Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas Republika), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. Since its independence, Latvia has been referred to as one of the Baltic states. It is bordered by Estonia in the northern region, Lithuania in the southern, to the east is Russia and Belarus to the southeast, as well as sharing a maritime border with Sweden to the west. Latvia has 1,957,200 inhabitants and a territory of 64,589 km². The country has a temperate seasonal climate.

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 57° N — Longitude: 25° E

Area: 64,589 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: LV

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2023: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom
2021: 8.45, Rank: 15, Personal freedom: 8.98, Economic freedom: 7.71
Latvia | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2024
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 86, Political Rights: 2, Civil Liberties: 2
In December 2015, Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma of the Unity party resigned, following serious internal strife among the parties that comprised Latvia's governing coalition. At the year's end, the governing parties had not nominated a new prime minister. Separately, in June the Latvian parliament elected a new president, Raimonds Vējonis, of the Union of Greens and Farmers (ZZS). He previously served as defense minister and environment minister.
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.57, Rank: 27

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Latvia" as of 22 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.