Territory in eastern Europe and northern Asia, ruled since 1991 by the Rossiyskaya Federatsiya

Russia (Russian: Росси́я, tr. Rossiya), officially the Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya), is a country in Eurasia. At 17,125,200 square kilometers, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital, Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod.

Birthplace of

Ayn Rand, Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum, in St. Petersburg, on 2 Feb 1905

Home To

Russian Libertarian Movement, Moscow (2003-2006)

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 6.39, Rank: 115, Personal Freedom: 6.13, Economic Freedom: 6.66, Democracy Index: 3.36
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 6.66, Rank: 102
Russia | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Not Free, Aggregate Score: 22, Political Rights: 6, Civil Liberties: 6
"Russia's economy continued to deteriorate in 2015, and the Kremlin worked to preempt potential domestic discontent through the distraction of foreign interventions. With the conflict in eastern Ukraine settling into a stalemate, President Vladimir Putin sent Russian aircraft to Syria in September and began bombing the opponents of Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad, directly engaging the Russian military outside the former Soviet Union for the first time since Soviet troops left Afghanistan."


10 Things You Never Knew About Orwell's 1984, by Anna Mathews, 13 Jul 2017
Ten brief items that most people are unlikely to know about Orwell and his novel
"The slogan '2 + 2 = 5' originated from Russia, where the Communist regime used it as a motto of sorts in an effort to help them accomplish the goals of their five-year plan in only four years. Though the slogan is still used to point out the ills of totalitarian brainwashing today, it was not coined by Orwell."
Along Pennsylvania Avenue, by Murray Rothbard, Faith and Freedom, Jan 1956
Contrasts the attitudes of U.S. participants in the 1955 Geneva Summit with those of their Soviet counterparts; becomes encouraged by the rejection of multiple ballot measures asking for funds for various government programs
"Russia asked for changes which are proper between governments: freer trade being the prime example. We absolutely refused to discuss lowering trade barriers. ... the State Department may have fallen for its own propaganda: that Russia was on the brink of revolt, that ten years of cold war had stirred up the Russian people, and that Russian peace overtures were simply signs of grave weakness instead of rational pursuit of peace. The State Department should have heeded Senator ... Malone's warning ... Travelling the length and breadth of Russia, Malone (R., Nev.) pointed out that he saw no signs of revolution in Russia ..."
Related Topics: Democratic Party, Taxation
Benjamin Tucker, Individualism, & Liberty: Not the Daughter but the Mother of Order, by Wendy McElroy, Literature of Liberty, 1981
Bibliographical essay covering the people and radical movements that influenced Tucker in his founding and publishing of Liberty, its major themes and contributors
"Although Tucker exhibited great interest in Russian nihilism and the assassination of the Czar (1881), few Russian periodicals were mentioned in Liberty. Victor Yarros who had fled Russia to avoid arrest was probably the only associate of Liberty with enough background to appreciate and translate the various periodicals. There is, however, no evidence that he did so. Liberty did, nevertheless, follow the career of Leo Tolstoi."
Interview with Adam Smith [via Edwin West], by E. G. West, The Region, Jun 1994
Professor Edwin G. West stands in for Adam Smith and answers questions from the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis banking and policy issues magazine
"Compared with Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary, Russia has been much further and longer away from the ideology just described. It will, therefore, be much more difficult to establish in that country a fully fledged market economy. Russian leaders, in fact, still see 'reforms' as top-down engineering programs. ... The worst example of it is the present attempt of Mr. Gerashchenko at the central bank to inflate the Russian economy to provide cash bailouts to defunct industries that make goods no one wants to buy."
UpdNATO's Balkans Disaster and Wilsonian Warmongering, Part 2, by Doug Bandow, Future of Freedom, Aug 1999
Considers possible justifications for war vis-à-vis NATO's involvement in the conflict between Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) and the Kosovo Liberation Army
"Indeed, intervention in the Balkans risks losing the far more important game involving Russia. Moscow's future development remains uncertain and worrisome. Yet NATO's attack on Yugoslavia, which shares long-standing Slavic ties with Russia, has greatly exacerbated tensions already inflamed by the expansion of NATO. Of even greater concern, America's willingness to meddle in areas of serious, if not vital, interest to Russia (including the Transcaucasus) risks inflaming domestic nationalism, thereby encouraging development of a less cooperative regime in Moscow. Anti-Americanism is already on the rise in Russia."
Related Topics: Balkans, Europe, Serbia, War
Russian Libertarian Movement Founded, Freedom Network News, 9 Sep 2003
Related Topic: Russian Libertarian Movement
The American Disease, by Sheldon Richman, 21 Mar 2014
Citing examples in the Ukraine and Russia, explains how U.S. government meddling in foreign countries is generally counterproductive, even when genuinely attempting to advance liberty
"Cohen is one of the few prominent and knowledgeable commentators urging us to look at the full context of what is going on with Ukraine, Crimea, Russia, the United States, and NATO, rather than reflexively demonizing President Vladimir Putin and Russia. ... the Russian LGBT propaganda law, passed by the Duma and signed by Putin last year, ... criminalizes the distribution of 'propaganda' in support of 'non-traditional sexual relationships' to minors. ... The American officials who loudly protested and snubbed Putin at the Olympics, Cohen said, did not help the gay community in Russia, whatever their intentions ..."
Related Topics: Foreign Entanglements, Ukraine

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Russia" as of 14 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.