Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe. Significant historical events that have shaped the concept of Western Europe include the rise of Rome, the adoption of Greek culture during the Roman Republic, the adoption of Christianity by Roman Emperors, the division of the Latin West and Greek East, the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the reign of Charlemagne, the Viking invasions, the East-West schism, the Black Death, the Renaissance, the Age of Discovery, the Protestant Reformation as well as the Counter-Reformation of the Catholic Church, the Age of Enlightenment, the French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, the two World Wars, the Cold War, the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the expansion of the European Union.
- Belgium - Territory in northwest Europe, ruled since 1830 by the Koninkrijk België/Royaume de Belgique
- France - Territory in western Europe, ruled since 1958 by the République Française
- Luxembourg - Territory in northwestern Europe, ruled since 1944 by the Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg
- Monaco - Territory in southeast France, ruled since 1861 by the Grimaldi family
- Netherlands - Territory in northwest Europe, ruled since 1815 by the Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Western Europe" as of 31 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.